So friends ... here is a small project ( or can be called as an article ) on Information Technology. ( History , Basis , Growth , etc )
Information Technology :
The word Information Technology has spread far and wide in today's fast moving world. The frequency of the word has been so much that even school kids know what IT is. The point is, do they exactly know what is meant by Information Technology ?
Well, here is the answer, as defined by the ITAA ( Information Technology Association of America ), Information Technology exactly is,
" The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. "
The term Information Systems often confused with IT , refers to the interaction between processes and technology. This interaction can occur within or across organizational boundaries. An information system is not only the technology an organization uses, but also the way in which the organizations interact with the technology and the way in which the technology works with the organization’s business processes. Information systems are distinct from information technology in that an information system has an information technology component that interacts with the processes components.
During the early 70's there was a huge increase in the application of softwares and also there were enormous leaps in the invention of many hardware components.
The UNIX operating system was built in the late 70's. This OS had features that the hardware that was being used was not enough and additional cards and slots were needed in most of the systems. There suddenly were many versions of the UNIX operating systems, called as flavors and these were built according to individual or professional needs. The whole of the 80's was spent in the developing of rich applications and hardcore devices.
The communication system in the 90's changed from telegrams to the electronic mail and later, from phone ( fixed lines ) to pagers to mobile phones. Due to the change in the hardware and the invention of many new devices, the software and the way that people used these softwares had also changed and that paved way to the sudden and progressive growth in the field of software application and development along with hardware advancements.
The start of the new millennium gave birth to a giant of the industry, and one such innovation that changed the way the people saw the world wide web ( www ) or the internet, Google. Due to the browser wars, there was also a decline in the business of NetScape and many such companies that once flourished.
As discussed earlier, many companies were initiated and terminated in the 90's which led to a serious battle for every service that could be offered with the computer. May it be the internet, the cable, the processors, the external storage devices or may it be the Browser to access the www. All of them had serious , strict and a tough competition in the market. The giants of that time were, Apple, IBM, Compaq in the hardware industry and Apple and Micro Soft along with IBM competed in the software field.
All of them needed a common platform to develop the software applications on. Hence both of them created and installed the different operating systems onto their machines which made it easier for them to build apps on.
There were many new features that the OS' included, which ranged from Word Processors to Networking Issues and Databases to Content Management Systems. These had to be used in such a way that they were portable and the systems had to be made accordingly.
- A FOSS Enthusiast and a Great fan of Slackware, Sabayon ( KDE ) and Ubuntu. Like to develop apps and love to work with PHP and Databases. Love to solve the Rubik's Cube and can be seen listening to Telugu and Hindi songs when not messing with Linux or Solving the Cube.